Species and varieties of skullcaps that occur in Arkansas: Article and photographs by ANPS member Sid Vogelpohl. Weakley doesn't mention leaf surface for var. Flowers' outer surface is finely hairy, a broad four lobed lower lip is angled straight down with a display of blue on white dots and two lines of scattered hairs, the upper hood is much smaller. Tweet; Description: Upright flowering plant with small purple buds. The root is a creeping short rhizome that sends up hairy, square stems, 6 to 18 inches high, branched or in small specimens, nearly simple, with opposite downy leaves, heart-shaped at the base, 0.5 to 2.5 inches long, scalloped or toothed edges. It has square, hairy stems and heart shaped leaves. It also is native to states west as far as Texas and as far north as Michigan. Flowers appear in spring and summer and are bluish purple, to pink and sometimes white. Hairy skullcap is native to the same areas as Showy Skullcap. This article tells you everything you need to know about skullcap, including its uses, potential health benefits, and side effects. Hairy skullcap is appropriate for a partially shady garden or natural area with moist soils. All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2020, Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians: 2nd Edition, Weakley's Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States (2012). When it was tested to the skin of mice, it was discovered that skullcap roots reduced the number of allergic response. They crescendo to the top, where the flower buds are found. Scutellaria elliptica Hairy skullcap. The common name alludes to the resemblance of the same structure to "miniature medieval helmets". Hairy Skullcap is a wildflower in the mint family native to central and eastern U.S.A. Habitat: Var. The filaments surround a white style which extends from the four-lobed ovary to the opening of the hood. In addition to a terminal raceme, the inflorescences arise from the axils of the top one to three leaf pairs. The root is a short creeper which supports hairy, square, and branched stems from 15 to 45 cm tall, or in small plants, nearly simple, with opposite leaves, heart-shaped at the base, 1 to 6 cm long with scalloped or toothed margins. The plant, without runners or rhizomes, has up to a half-dozen erect square stems, with secondary, axillary stems arising along their upper portions. Hairy skullcap’s (Scutellaria elliptica) leaves are rough-hairy, and its flowers are usual-ly less than 1 cm long. Chinese skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis), also known as Baikal skullcap is a Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Higher up the main stem, leaves that subtend axillary stems or flowers become gradually reduced, more elliptical, and with margins less crenate to entire. Habitat. missouriensis) being more widespread, while the second (S. parvula var. Plants may be eaten by deer. Name also: Common Skullcap, Marsh Skullcap, Hooded Skullcap; Family: Mint Family – Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Growing form: Perennial herb. Leaf bases may be nearly straight (truncate) to rounded or slightly wedge-shaped (cuneate), with narrow strips of blade extending part way down the petioles. The skullcap herb consists of purple and blue flowers, of which the blue variety is deemed to be more beneficial for health. Flower: Corolla irregular (zygomorphic), blue (occasionally white), with purple tip, 10–20 mm (0.4–0.8 in.) Hairy skullcap occurs in deciduous forests and open woodlands or savanna. Hair loss? With anthesis, a fist-shaped, closed corolla pushes out of the calyx, so that the skullcap is pushed backwards. In May and June, a long spike of 1-inch blue or purple flowers is formed at the top of the plant. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Hairy Skullcap (Scutellaria elliptica, elliptica) Photographic Location: Willow Grove Trail at Dale Hollow Lamiaceae (Mint Family) For more information about this plant, Click H... Scutellaria incana - Hoary Skullcap. Stems, although not woody, may persist over winter. Hooded skullcap has a circumboreal distribution, meaning it is found throughout the north temperate zone. The leaves of this particular skullcap are oval, pointed at the tip, and serrate (or toothed). It can typically be found in pine woods, low meadows, in forests, roadsides, and savannas. Status and Rank . Bob Moul | all galleries >> WILD FLOWERS >> PURPLE OR VIOLET WILDFLOWERS > Hairy Skullcap previous | next: Click pic to return to gallery: Hairy Skullcap. Flower: Pairs of small, blue to violet, irregular flowers, ¼ to 1/3 inch long and wide, blooming from upper leaf axils. 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